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Open Badges Editorial

Prospective cohort studies on risk factors for cardiovascular events in systemic lupus erythematosus: a major challenge

Irene EM Bultink

Author Affiliations

Department of Rheumatology, VU University Medical Center, PO Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Arthritis Research & Therapy 2010, 12:107  doi:10.1186/ar2927

See related research article by Gustafsson et al.,

Published: 22 February 2010


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been identified as a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The etiology of premature CVD in SLE is supposed to have many factors, including traditional coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors, antiphospholipid antibodies, and metabolic and inflammatory factors. Despite the overwhelming interest in CVD in SLE research, prospective studies evaluating risk factors for hard endpoints (that is, cardiovascular events) are relatively scarce. The article by Gustafsson and colleagues suggests that prothrombotic factors play an important role in SLE-related CVD and that the influence of traditional CAD risk factors might be limited.