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This article is part of the supplement: Proceedings of the 8th Global Arthritis Research Network (GARN) Meeting and 1st Bio-Rheumatology International Congress (BRIC)

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Prevalence of interstitial lung disease among patients with systemic sclerosis in Iraqi Kurdistan

Taha Ahmad Qaradakhy1*, Kosar Mohamed Ali2 and Omer Hama Karim1

  • * Corresponding author: Taha A Qaradakhy

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Rheumatology, Sulaimani Internal Medicine Teaching Hospital, Sulaimani, Iraq

2 Respiratory/General Medical Department, College of Medicine, Sulaimani, Iraq

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Arthritis Research & Therapy 2012, 14(Suppl 1):P13  doi:10.1186/ar3614

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:

Published:9 February 2012

© 2012 Qaradakhy et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Systemic sclerosis (SSc) associated interstitial lung disease (ILD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in SSc patients.

Aim of the study

To detect and determine the prevalence of ILD in patients with SSc in Sulaimani Governorate.

Patients and methods

A sample of thirty patients with SSc (whom fulfilled the American Rheumatism Association preliminary criteria for the diagnosis of SSc), were collected from Sulaimani internal Medicine teaching hospital from July 2009 to July 2010.

All patients were evaluated in a cross sectional study for the evidence of ILD, almost all patients were submitted to chest radiographs (CXR), pulmonary function tests (PFT) and oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry (Spo2) and high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan.


Patients ages ranged from 23-68 years with mean (45.57) years, with female predominance 27(90%) compare to 3(10%) male.

Majority of patients had limited type of systemic sclerosis 21(70%), and 15(50%) cases had restirictive ventilatory defect. Out of the thirty patients in the study 16(53.3%) patients had evidence of ILD on HRCT.


1. ILD is common among patients with SSc (dcSSc type).

2. PFT & HRCT are sensitive tools for diagnosis ILD among patients with SSc.

Table 1. Results of pulse oximetry both during rest and exertion, chest x-ray finding, pulmonary function test

Table 2. Distribution of HRCT scans abnormalities

thumbnailFigure 1. Subsets of Systemic sclerosis.