Figure 4.

Regulation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) signaling by suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1). LPS stimulates NF-κB and the JNK/p38 pathway through Toll-like receptor (TLR)4/MD2 receptor. IFN-β is rapidly induced through the TRIF/IRF-3 pathway and activates the JAK/STAT1 (Janus kinase/signal transduction and activators of transcription 1) pathway. SOCS1 is probably induced by STAT1 and NF-κB, and then suppresses both STAT1 and NF-κB. One possible mechanism of NF-κB suppression is the induction of degradation of the p65 NF-κB subunit.

Yoshimura et al. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2005 7:100-110   doi:10.1186/ar1741
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