Adjusted mean visual analog scale pain scores by age, gender and study group. Significant increases in pain scores for female and male community controls and runners were found with increasing age, although rates of increase are relatively modest. Older female runners tend to have the greatest benefit, although these associations are statistically equivalent to differences in male and female runners and controls (p = 0.51).
Bruce et al. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2005 7:R1263-R1270 doi:10.1186/ar1825